Feast of Pentecost-Descent of the Holy Spirit

“But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth” (Acts 1:8).

Jesus Christ, after His resurrection, had spent forty days with His disciples talking to them about the things pertaining to the kingdom of God, afterwards and prior ascending to Heaven, He told them “tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high” (Lk. 24:49).

The feast of Pentecost, (Fiftieth Day) is one of the Seven Major Feasts of the Lord. When the day of Pentecost had come they were all together in one place. And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed as resting upon each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit.. (Acts 2:1-4).

On the Pentecost Day, the Holy Spirit descended on the disciples as tongues of fire, through which they were able to speak in different tongues and preach the news entrusted to them by our Lord Jesus Christ. The apostles received the power of the Holy Spirit and they began to preach and bear witness to Jesus as the risen Christ, the King and the Lord. This moment traditionally commemorates the institution of the Church and its true beginning.

This gift is the promise of the Father to the human race. After the Son reconciled the Father with the human race by giving Himself up as a sacrifice on the Holy Cross and through His Resurrection, we are given a new life in Him, where sin and death are forever conquered. By the mercy of God, we are brought back to have life in His everlasting Kingdom. God the Father poured on us the grace and blessings of the Holy Spirit, to stay with us forever, the Spirit of truth, the Comforter allowing us to live by the Spirit with God while we’re still on earth.

At Pentecost, the disciples witness the birth of the New Testament church in the coming of the Holy Spirit to dwell in all believers. The scene of the disciples in a room at Pentecost links the commencement of the Holy Spirit’s work in the church with the conclusion of Christ’s earthly ministry in the upper room at the Last Supper before His crucifixion. It marks the beginning of the true service and the preaching of the Apostles and disciples of our Lord Jesus Christ. For this reason, the day has a special place in the life and rites of the Church.

As we celebrate the Feast of Pentecost, we remember the power which the apostles received when the Holy Spirit descended upon them. The disciples, who were previously fearful and gathered with the doors shut, because of fear from the Jews, and who doubted and didn’t believe the news about Christ’s resurrection, became strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. By the power of the Holy Spirit within them, the apostles witnessed to our Lord Jesus Christ’s resurrection and great grace was upon all of them (Acts 4:33).

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of truth (Jn 15:26), the Spirit of justice. He, whom the Spirit of God works in him is fair and honest, rightly divides the word of truth, has no partiality in his judgments and avoids the idle babblings in his talks. The work of the Holy Spirit is infinite; He is the treasury of good things, the Lifegiver. He is the giver of the spiritual gifts (1 Cor. 12), He gives words of wisdom, of knowledge, gives words of faith, of prophecy, healing and mighty acts.

We are born through baptism from water and spirit, and then we are given the sacrament of Holy Chrism (anointment with the Myron oil) hence we abide in the Spirit and become temples for the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit of God dwells in us (1 Cor. 3:16). As we look at our own spiritual lives and find ourselves defeated by the temptations and passions of the world, we ask the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of power, to give us the power of purity to live as our holy fathers lived.